Almaty. August 18, Information Center - Kazakh archaeologists have discovered
historical objects on the territory of the Khoja Ahmed Yassawi mausoleum in the
Turkestan Region, Astana Times reported.
The discovery was made in what used to be a shahristan, a
part of an ancient town, and on the main street of old Turkestan, south of the
Khoja Ahmed Yassawi mausoleum. Both areas are under the control of Azret Sultan
state historical and cultural reserve museum.
Among them are caravanserai, eastern bathhouses with several
rooms, ceramic guilds and education facilities that dated back to the 18th and
Niches to store documents and valuable items were found in
the caravanserai that also had a storage place, restrooms and reception rooms,
yard, prayer room and one-room bathhouse called muricha.
“Here the Takiya gate was built in between 1843 and 1849
under the Khanate of Kokand (that existed between 1709 and 1876 on the
territory of eastern Uzbekistan, modern Kyrgyzstan, eastern Tajikistan and
southeastern Kazakhstan). A caravanserai was not far from these gates. Such
structures were close to all four gates of Old Turkestan and each of them had
their own small baths called muricha,” Marat Tuyakbayev, archaeologist and
research scientist at Azret Sultan museum.
“The first school in ancient Turkestan was discovered during
the excavation. At first, we thought it was a medrese (an Islamic school). Due
to the thorough study, we found out the school was divided into two sections.
Boys studied in one section and girls in the other. Children were studying
literacy in this school and upon completion, they went to the medrese. During
the archaeological excavations, we also discovered a guild (on the territory of
Khoja Ahmed Yassawi mausoleum) that used to manufacture ceramic items. At the
moment, eight furnaces have been excavated. Discovering such an object of
historical significance alone may cause a sensation,” said Tuyakbayev.
The archaeological works are conducted at the initiative of
the Kazakh Ministry of Culture and Sports in line with the development plans of
the Azret Sultan museum.
Turkestan is home to many historic and sacred sites that
draw a significant number of visitors from neighboring countries and beyond. The
Khoja Ahmed Yassawi mausoleum is perhaps the most famous destination among
tourists. Built in the 14th century and part of the United Nations Educational,
Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO) World Heritage List since 2003,
the mausoleum attracts pilgrims from Central Asia and beyond who come to honor
the outstanding Sufi teacher for whom it was named.