February 23. Information Center - Kazakhstan is giving up on its plan to launch
the KazSat-2R telecommunication satellite, the country’s ministry of digital
development, innovation, and the aerospace industry confirmed, Caspian News reports.
billion tenge ($105 million) project will be terminated in favor of
innovative solutions, such as next-generation satellite constellations,
according to the ministry’s statement.
save billions of tenge of budget funds,” reads the message.
first announced in 2017, was originally
supposed to replace KazSat-2, the second Kazakh space satellite launched in
2011. Officials in Nur-Sultan planned to launch the new satellite into orbit in
2023 when the KazSat-2 would expire. Some companies fromRussia,France,Italy, theUnited States, andTurkey announced their intent to join the
project to design and develop the satellite forCentral Asia’s wealthiest country.
the ministry of digital development, innovation, and the aerospace industry
revealed that the order for the satellite will be placed with Ghalam, a joint
venture established byFrance’s Airbus Defence andSpace,Kazakhstan’s state-owned space company Gharysh
Sapary and the ministry’s aerospace committee. Now, the country is
giving up the project.
largest, economically strongest, and wealthiest country in the region,Kazakhstanwas the first of the five Central
Asian republics to launch a satellite.
Kazakhstancurrently owns the space
communication system, consisting of KazSat-2 ($115 million) and KazSat-3
($120 million) satellites as well as ground control systems. In the
period between 2011-2018, the system helped to save $106 million by reducing the use of
first Kazakhstani satellite — KazSat-1 — went into orbit for a 12-year mission
after being transported to space via the Russian-made Proton-K
launcher in 2006. Partial control of the satellite was lost in July 2008 and
completely in October 2008. The telecommunications satellite, valued at $100
million, was equipped with 12 Ku-band transponders.
of the second and third telecommunication satellites, named KazSat-2 and
KazSat-3, took place in 2011 and 2014, respectively, from the Baikonur
Cosmodrome, also via Russian-made Proton launch vehicles. Both are aimed at
broadening the scope of information services provided to the region, including
mobile and internet connections, and help satisfyKazakhstan’s need for broadband systems.
lifetime of 12 years, KazSat-2 features 16 Ku-band transponders for fixed
communications and TV-transmissions and is intended for telecast, fixed satellite
communication, and data transmission forKazakhstanandCentral Asia. KazSat-2 was originally to supplement the first satellite but
then replaced KazSat-1 due to its complete loss. KazSat-3 has a lifetime of 15 years and provides Direct-to-Home
television services, broadband services, and high-speed voice and data
transmission services through Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) technologies
for customers inKazakhstan,Turkmenistan,Uzbekistan,Kyrgyzstan, and part ofRussia.
countries within the Caspian basin are orbital-launch-capable countries,
includingRussia(since 1957, Soviet-era),Iran(2005),Azerbaijan(2013),Kazakhstan(2006), andTurkmenistan(2015).